Tag Archives: Colombia

Medellin: Tale of a City

Milo is just 25 years old and extremely personable. At the age of 7 years old on his way to school, he saw his first dead body, lying riddled with bullets in the street of his neighbourhood. Eeishh… bit of a grim start to a travel blog, eh? Milo has much to tell us about growing up in the ‘90s in a drug-war-torn Medellin, but first let’s lighten things up and back-track a bit…

Paisa’ City

We’re on our way overlanding through Colombia and have so far been blown away by the friendliness and the generous welcome here. Our latest stage was through the coffee region around Salento and Manizales, but now we’ve reached the former drug-capital of the world.
Now… with our itinerant lifestyle we obviously don’t get to watch much TV. However, one series in particular has been recommended to us several times as a ‘must-see’ when travelling through this region: ‘Narcos’. Narcos tells the tale of Pablo Escobar and the Medellin drugs wars, a story which is in some ways history, but in other ways is still part of the fabric of the city today. So we’ve taken the advice, down-loaded it and are watching it now. How cool is it to watch on TV, scenes filmed in places you’re familiar with?! 😊

Old car Medellin

Modern city with ‘classic’ touches

Medellin has a population of over two million people, known in Colombia as ‘Paisas’. It’s not a city of any great historical attractions and the architecture is mostly 20th century concrete – although of course there is, as is de rigueur for most major cities in South America, a plaza with the statue of the continent’s victorious independence leader, Simon Bolívar. The city sprawls far, but the downtown area is small, walkable and well-kept, with a buzzing vibe. ‘Beautiful’ might be stretching credibility just a smidgeon, but ‘ugly’ would be unfair. Medellin is what it is: a modern, thriving business centre with a beating heart in the trading streets of colourful wares.

For our first few days in Medellin we ride the cable-car looking for a fab overview of the sprawling city. And we wander the streets seeking a new relay for our truck’s winch and some geeky electronics for Marcus’ tech-projects (that’s as much as I know or care to understand of such things 😊). The efforts prove that one can indeed buy pretty much anything here if you find the right part of town.

Medellin’s Coded Story

Simon Bolivar Medellin

You’re never far from a Bolivar!

So anyway… back to Milo. Who’s Milo? A new crew-member in the truck? Nope. Milo is our guide for a group walking tour through downtown Medellin. This is a service by young people in the city for tourism. It’s free of charge, but discretionary tips are encouraged at the end if you think he did a good job. The aim of the tour is not just to see the sights (cool though that is), but for Milo to put the scenes into the context of the city’s recent history, regale us with accounts of life in the ‘bad old days’ and more importantly, explain how things have changed over his short life-time.

Off we set with Milo to explore Medellin. As we trot down the street after each other, Milo speaks to the group in excellent English. He explains that he relies heavily on the fact that the majority of local on-lookers can’t understand his talks to us. Pablo Escobar, his terror reign and his legacy have left open and particularly sensitive wounds for many Paisas. Milo’s discussions would almost certainly touch a raw nerve if they were delivered on the open street in Spanish.

The thing is… although Milo can conceal his general topic with the use of a foreign language, personal names inevitably transcend language. Milo can’t risk mentioning the Escobar taboo so he speaks in code, referring to ‘the Famous Criminal’. Similarly, he can’t refer to the names of the extreme political groups that have more recently terrorised certain regions of Colombia – FARC and ELN – so he refers to these by raising his right or left fist in the air to indicate the right or left-wing extremist groups.

Downtown Medellin

Modern Medellin

Raw though the memories understandably are for many Paisas, it doesn’t take any investigative skill and judgement to sense that Medellin is no longer the danger-pot that it used to be. Check-out the stats: in 1991 Medellin was the murder capital of the world with over 7,500 murders. In 2015 this was down to a mere 550 murders. Admittedly, still a bit of room for improvement, but a staggering reduction. Sure, Medellin isn’t a problem-free society today – during the walk we see a sight common in many major commercial cities today, a noisy protest by civil servants challenging their pay and working conditions. But kids today no longer have the harrowing sight of a bullet-strewn body on their way to school. It’s history.

The Paisa View

So how has the city had bounced back so quickly from such an ordeal? Milo explained the Paisa psyche: they are a ‘glass-is-half-full’ kind of people. Optimists. They play-down the negative, look for the positive and take pride in their achievements. Milo gave the city’s Metro system as just one example of the intrinsic civic pride.

Medellin downtown

Old and New

Medellin’s metro is the only one in Colombia. Construction started 30 years ago during the city’s darkest days of extreme political corruption, amongst wars not only between the drugs barons, but between key players in the construction and civil engineering industries. Nevertheless, they chugged away. There now runs an extremely efficient service of trains, trams and cable-cars around the city. And here’s the thing… the network is clean and safe, with no defacing, no graffiti, no malicious damage. Every Paisa takes pride in the success of their network. No Paisa would dream of eating or drinking on the trains or in the stations. No Sir! Spillages or litter are nowhere to be seen around here! Colombia’s capital, Bogota is deeply envious of Medellin’s network and Medellin sees it as covert ‘Up-yours!’ salute to its rival city.

Wounded Bird Medellin

Wounded Bird

One of the sites on the tour route was Plaza de San Antonia. There stand large two bronze sculptures of a bird. One sculpture is in perfect condition, the other has a large hole blasted through the middle – the ‘Wounded Bird’. A music concert was taking place on 11 June 1995, when a rucksack packed with explosives detonated killing 30 people and wounding 200. The perpetrators were never publicly identified and the city’s then Mayor proposed to remove the bomb-blasted bronze bird from the plaza. The sculptor apparently contacted the Mayor and asked that it be retained in-situ as a reminder of the atrocity and a memorial to the victims. A plaque was added with the names of those killed and a second bird was added alongside, a copy of the original, to symbolise a new future and hope for the future of Medellin.

So despite Medellin’s recent history, the Paisa character is to look forward, not back. They want more than anything to lose the tag of the drugs history and to be seen a centre for commerce and tourism, but ironically it is partly the drugs-war history that fuels the tourism today. By regional standards, Paisas have a good standard of living and a thriving economy; something else to be proud of and develop for the future.

Milo’s World

Medellin Roof-top Art

Roof-top art in Milo’s World

To finish the tale of the City, let’s say a bit more about Milo. He is articulate and well educated – a science graduate from Medellin University. He was fortunate enough to win scholarships to study in Europe and the USA, so his English is excellent. So if he is a science graduate, why is he working as a tour guide? Well… his travels gave him a privilege not afforded to many Colombians: a privilege to see the view of Colombia that the tourist sees from their home. He understands where we’re coming from and how our perceptions have been formed, so he wants us to understand the real story of Medellin. He wants help change our perception of his city and his country. He’s doing a good, no, a GREAT job.

Medellin Photo Gallery

Colombian Coffee Time

Got time for a coffee? These days we’re not short on time to sit around and swap stories with other overlanders over a coffee, so it’s rather cool to finally be here in the centre of the Colombian coffee universe. You know that Colombia’s big on coffee, right? Well, here in the Zona Cafetera they grow shed-loads of it. And many of the coffee haciendas don’t just do the coffee-crop, they do coffee-tourism too. Large-scale and small-scale producers take pride in both educating visitors and producing top-notch beans. We trotted along to a hacienda at each end of the spectrum to see them do their thing.Colombian Coffee tasting

Here’s ten little factoids Colombia’s Zona Cafetera has taught us about coffee:

Coffee tree

All the way from Arabia

1. Coffee’s not a South American thing.

It’s from Arabia! The coffee plant originated in Ethiopia and Yemen and was brought to South America by the colonisers in the 1700s. Only in the early 20th Century did Colombians get serious about big-time production and export.

2. There are only two main types of coffee bean in the world.

Almost all the coffee in the world is either the top-notch Arabica or the lower-grade Robusta. Would you fall off your perch to learn that the Robusta crop is more ‘robust’? (the clue is in the name 😊). It’s easier to grow, more resistant to disease and produces a higher yield. So why bother with the Arabica? Well… Arabica has half the caffeine content, better flavour and is more aromatic. Hmmm… Arabica gets my vote!

3. Colombia’s coffee was blighted when the Borer Beetle came to town.

Colombia is now third in the world, trailing just a little behind Vietnam and a long way behind Brazil, but it is still the largest producer of Arabica. The 1980s were Colombia’s coffee hey-day when it was second only to Brazil. In the late ‘80s the dratted Coffee Borer Beetle joined the party and devastated the industry; Colombia lost a chunk of its global market-share to young up-start Asian rivals.

4. The coffee plant bears a ‘cherry’ with a ‘pit’.

On the plant, the coffee fruit forms from a pretty white flower. The whole coffee fruit is called the ‘cherry’ and the internal ‘pit’ is the bean bit that gets roasted, ground and brewed. Around the pit is a tasty sweet layer of fruit and an outer skin.

5. Honey can be made from coffee.

Who knew???  The sweet fruity layer of the coffee ‘cherry’ can be processed into a yummy honey. Unfortunately, the process is too pricey to be economically viable so don’t bother searching for it in Waitrose.

Making coffee, Colombian style

6. Coffee harvesting continues all year.

End of October starts the main harvest when seasonal workers from all over Colombia flock to pick beans. Problem is… the individual beans don’t all ripen at the same time, so the large producers harvest on a smaller scale with permanent staff all year round.

7. The ‘Torrefacto’ Factor.

You might want to look out for the term ‘Torrefacto’ or ‘Torrefaction’ on your coffee label. It means the bean has been coated with sugar in the final roasting stage. The bean gets a nice super-glossy finish and it can add up to 20% to the bean’s final weight. It seems the arguable effects are that it adds: a) more carcinogens (bad thing); and b) more anti-oxidants (good thing) to the end-bean. The unarguable effect is that it adds hidden sugar to your diet, affects the taste, and there could be up to 20% less real coffee in your pot. Apparently, some like it. To me it doesn’t sound much like a great thing, but then what do I know? 😉

Anti-clockwise from bottom right: ‘green’, light roasted, medium roasted, dark roasted.

8. Coffee beans are normally exported ‘green’.

The beans aren’t usually roasted until they reach the destination country. This is partly to avoid the tax-man, but also because different markets have tastes for different strengths of roast; and because the flavour deterioration starts after roasting.

9. Colombians aren’t great coffee aficionados.

A small quantity of the best stuff is kept for local consumption by the gurus in the coffee region. The rest of Colombia gets the low-quality beans (in fact they often drink a yukky instant) and most of the good stuff is exported. Producers told us they want to keep more of their high-quality beans to develop a local/internal market, but they’re under pressure to sell it all to the National Federation of Coffee Growers for bulk export.

10. There’s a picker shortage.

The future of Colombian coffee is under threat from a lack of picking-bods. In peak season, a picker does 11 hours per day. They use both arms alternately to pull beans from the branches in an action not dissimilar to milking a cow. It’s labour intensive and can’t be mechanised due to the different ripening stage of each bean. We had a go at the coffee-picking lark… it’s not easy work. Not surprisingly, today’s young Colombians aspire to things greater than coffee picking, which leaves the farms wondering where they’ll get their pickers in 10 years’ time.

So there you go. Something to ponder on next time you pick up your mocha-spiced-flat-white-caramel-macchiato-latte from Starbucks 😊.

Colombian  Coffee – Photo Gallery

Colombia: Drugs Barons and Banditos?

Drugs barons and banditos are what Colombia is famous for, but we don’t spot any obviously suspicious candidates in the immediate vicinity of the border. Maybe they’re all further up-country? We’ll keep our eyes open for them as we head north. On our way, our Colombia travel blog takes-in the odd mysterious monument, cactus desert, crater lake, death-road and a jaw-droppingly beautiful religious sanctuary.

San Agustin Continue reading